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Smith's 1846 Canadian
Gazetteer
Geographical Names in the Gazetteer
Preface
Early History
Climate. . .
Divisions & Extent of the Upper Province
Bathurst District
Dalhousie District
Eastern District
Johnstown District
Midland District
Ottawa District
SMITH'S 1846 CANADIAN GAZETTEER :
MIDLAND DISTRICT
Consists of the counties of Frontenac, Lennox, and Addington : it is bounded on the east by the Johnstown and Bathurst Districts; on the north by unsurveyed lands; on the west by the Victoria District; and on the south by Lake Ontario and part of the Bay of Quinté. The islands of Amherst and Wolfe are included in the district. The district is watered by the Napanee, Salmon, and Cataraqui rivers, besides branches of the Mississippi, and numerous other small streams; and lakes of various sizes are scattered over it. The townships in the south-west and south of the district, comprising Kingston, Ernestown, Fredericksburgh, Camden, and Richmond, contain excellent land. The northern townships are some of them but little settled, and Kennebec and Kaladar, Olden and Oso, are altogether vacant. The foundation of the district is limestone, and in places fine marble is to be found; in the north of the district there are beds which are a continuation of those in the Bathurst District; and a bed of marble has lately been discovered in the township of Camden, 22 miles north-west from Kingston. Much of the land in the north and east is poor and rocky and unfit for cultivation, but land of excellent quality is said to have been lately discovered to the north of Kingston.
           The principal towns and villages in the district are Kingston, the district town, and lately the seat of government for the province, in the township of Kingston; Napanee, in Richmond; and Bath, in Ernestown. 395,500 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in the Midland District, at 8s. c'y per acre; to purchase any of which, application must be made to the Crown Lands Agent, at Napanee. Population of the district in 1842 : 38,770; since when it has probably increased one-sixth. The following abstract from the assessment rolls will show the rate of increase and improvement in the district :

Date. No of
Acres
Cultivated.
MILLS

Grist. Saw.
Milch
Cows.
Oxen,
4 years
old, and
upwards.
Horned
Cattle
from 2 to 4
years old.
Amount of
Ratable
Property.
1842





£525,201
1843 119,594 19 71 11,732 2022 4229 £562,143
1844 131,928 19 69 11,194 2390 4053 £582,556


Government and District Officers in the Midland District:
Judge of District Court S.F. Kirkpatrick Kingston
Sheriff Thos. A. Corbett Do.
Clerk of Peace Jas. Nickalls Do.
Treasurer of District D.S. Smith Do.
Inspector of Licenses James Sampson Do.
Registrar of County of Frontenac Chas. Stuart Do.
Registrar of County of Lennox & Addington J. Fraser, Dy Do.
Collector of Customs Thos. Kirkpatrick Do.
District Clerk Saml. McGowan Do.
Clerk of District Court A. Pringle Do.
Deputy Clerk of Crown Jno. S. Smyth Do.
Crown Lands Agent Allan McPherson Napanee
Emigrant Agent A.B. Hawke Kingston
Coroners Thos. W. Robison, H.W. Benson, Geo. A. Detlor, Jno. W. Ferguson, Chas. A. Booth, Jas. Chamberlain, Henry Davis, Lewis Daley, Geo. Baxter, Geo. W. Yarker.
The following is the number of School Districts in the district, each of which is supposed to have a school in it, but I could not ascertain the actual number of schools in operation : Kingston (town) 18, Kingston (township) 26, Pittsburgh eleven, Ernestown 21, Fredericksburg 19, Adolphustown four, Richmond 12, Sheffield nine, Camden 31, Loughborough seven, Storrington seven, Bedford two, Amherst Island five, Wolfe Island seven.

ADDINGTON.
A County in the Midland District; comprises the townships of Amherst Island, Camden, Ernestown, Kaladar, Sheffield and Anglesea. For the purposes of representation in the House of Assembly, it is united to the county of Lennox.

ADOLPHUSTOWN.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the north-east by the township of Fredericksburgh; and on the west and south-west by the Bay of Quinté. In Adolphustown 11,343 acres are taken up, 6,662 of which are under cultivation. A portion of the Bay of Quinté divides the township into two. There is a small settlement in the south of the township, on the bay, where is a court-house, for holding townshp meetings, and an Episcopal church. In the centre of the township are a Quaker meeting-house, and a Methodist chapel. There are some good farms in the township, and four saw-mills. Population : 671. Ratable property in the township : £16,102.

ADOLPHUSTOWN.
A small Village in the township of Adolphustown, situated on the Bay of Quinté; contains about 100 inhabitants.

AMHERST ISLAND.
An Island in Lake Ontario, situated opposite the township of Ernestown, so called from the Earl of Amherst; the name originally given it by the French, being "Isle of Tanti." It was originally granted by the Crown to Sir John Johnston, for military services. The upper portion of it has been settled about 70 years, and the remainder about 25 years. The principal part of the island is now owned by the Earl of Mountcashel. The land is generally of very good quality, and the tenants are in comfortable circumstances. The steamboats touch here on their passages to and from Trent and Kingston. Amherst island forms a township of the Midland District; 13,387 acres of land are taken up in the island, 5,030 of which are under cultivation. There is a Post Office on the island, and an Episcopal Church. There are also on the island, one physician and surgeon, one store, two taverns, three ship-builders, five tailors, seven shoemakers, five carpenters, 12 weavers, two blacksmiths. Population : 1,104. Ratable property : £11,185.

BARRYFIELD.
A Village in the township of Kingston, situated on the Cataraqui Bay, opposite Kingston. It is irregularly built on a rising ground, having a blue limestone foundation. From the high ground in the neighbourhood of the village, on which Fort Henry is situated, a fine view may be obtained of the bay, Lake Ontario, Kingston, and the surrounding country. Barryfield contains about 300 inhabitants, two small stores, three taverns, two blacksmiths, and one shoemaker.

BEDFORD.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by South Sherbrooke, and North and South Crosby; on the north by Oso; on the west by Hinchinbrooke; and on the south by Loughborough and Pittsburg. In Bedford, 8,990 acres are taken up, 1,389 of which are under cultivation. A lake in the north-east of the township, is called Wolf Lake; and a number of lakes, varying in size, most of which are connected together by means of small streams, are scattered over the south of the township. Bedford is but little settled, much of the land being of poor quality; the timber principally pine. There are four saw mills in the township. 8,000 acres of Crown land are open for sale in Bedford, at 8s. currency, per acre. Population : 552. Ratable property in the township : £4,626.

CAMDEN EAST.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by Portland; on the north by Sheffield; on the west by Richmond; and on the south by Ernestown and a small portion of Fredericksburg. In Camden 70,207 acres are taken up, 19,248 of which are under cultivation. A lake, called Mud Lake, is situated a little east of the centre of the township; and one, called Vardy Lake, in the south-east corner. A mill stream runs through the south of the township, on which are several grist and saw mills. There is a quarry of fine marble near the centre of the township. Camden is well settled, and contains some good farms. The land varies in quality. Timber : hardwood, intermixed with pine. The village of Newburgh is situated in the south-west of the township; and Clark's Mills a little south of the centre of the township. There is a Presbyterian Church a little west of Newburgh. There are four grist and 14 saw mills in the township. 600 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in Camden, at 8s. currency per acre. Population : 4,788. Ratable property in the township : £56,195.

CLARKSVILLE.
A Village in the townshp of Camden, situated on the Napanee River, two miles above Newburgh. It contains about 200 inhabitants, who have an Episcopal Church, grist and saw mill, carding machine and cloth factory, one store, one tavern.

ERNESTOWN.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the townships of Portland and Kingston; on the north by Camden; on the west by Fredericksburgh; and on the south by Lake Ontario. In Ernestown; 59,447 acres are taken up, 22,507 of which are under cultivation. The village of Bath is situated in the east of the township, on the lake; and a settlement called "Wilton," is in the north-east of the township, where is a Presbyterian church, and a Methodist chapel, a mill and post office. There is also a Methodist chapel in the north-west corner of the township. There are four grist and 14 saw mills in the township. Ernestown is well settled, and contains 4,317 inhabitants. Ratable property in the township : £64,031.

FREDERICKSBURGH.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the north-east by the township of Ernestown; on the north-west by Richmond and a portion of the Bay of Quinté; and on the south-west by Adolphustown. In Fredericksburgh 41,098 acres are taken up, 18,916 of which are under cultivation. A large bay, a portion of the Bay of Quinté, runs for some distance into the township, and about its centre expands to a considerable size, forming a large basin. A settlement called Clarksville is situated in the north-east corner of the township. Fredericksburgh is well settled and contains some good farms. There are three grist and five saw-mills in the township. Population : 2,949. Ratable property in the township : £47,243.

FRONTENAC.
A County in the Midland District : comprises the townships of Bedford, Barrie, Clarendon, Hinchinbrooke, Kingston, Kennebec, Loughborough, Olden, Oso, Portland, and Pittsburgh, which includes Howe Island, Palmerston, Storrington, and Wolfe Island; and, except for the purpose of representation in the Legislative Assembly, the town of Kingston.

GARDEN ISLAND.
A small Island in Lake Ontario, opposite Kingston, containing about 30 acres. It is occupied by a firm who are largely engaged in the rafting business, it being conveniently situated for the purpose. A large number of vessels are employed in bringing staves from all parts of the western country to the island, where they are unloaded, and the staves made into rafts for the voyage to Quebec.

HINCHINBROOKE.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Bedford; on the north by Kennebec and Olden; on the west by Storrington; and on the south by Portland. A large lake, having an island in its centre, is situated a little west of the centre of the township; and several small lakes are scattered over it. 50,000 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in the township, at 8s. currency per acre. Hinchinbrooke has only lately been opened for sale, and no return has yet been made from it.

KALADAR.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Kennebec; on the north by Anglesea; on the west by Elzevir; and on the south by Sheffield and a small portion of Hungerford. This township is well watered by numerous small streams: it has only lately been opened for sale, and no return has yet been made from it. 65,000 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in Kaladar, at 8s. c'y per acre.

KENNEBEC.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Olden; on the north by Barrie; on the west by Kaladar; and on the south by Sheffield and Hinchinbrooke. Two long lakes, one of which is called "Long Lake," stretch across the centre of the township; these are the principal sources of Salmon River. This township has only lately been opened for sale, and no return has yet been made from it. 65,000 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in Kennebec, at eight shillings currency per acre.

KINGSTON.
The District Town of the Midland District : in the township of Kingston, situated on Lake Ontario, 199 miles from Montreal and 177 from Toronto. It was incorporated in the year 1838. It is a fine healthy situation, but having a barren back country, its principal dependance for support was upon the carrying trade, until the removal of the Seat of Government from Toronto, by Lord Sydenham, in June, 1841, when the town began rapidly to improve. Handsome stone buildings were erected, and the inhabitants, supposing that Kingston would continue to be the capital of the Province, went to considerable expense in improving, not merely the public buildings, but also their places of business and private dwellings. However, the Seat of Government being again removed (to Montreal) they have been thrown back upon their old resources, burdened with the expenses of their improvements. This, for a time, was a great shock to the town; but it is beginning gradually to recover its prosperity. What effect the opening of the St. Lawrence Canals; and the enlarging the locks of the Welland Canal, will have upon it, remains to be seen. Hitherto, all the up and down freight has been transhipped at Kingston, to either larger or smaller vessels, according as it has been going up or down; in carrying which a fleet of about 200 barges and schooners, of from 60 to 250 tons burthen, has been employed. As soon as the improvements in the canals are completed, large vessels will be enabled to run direct up from Montreal to Toronto and Hamilton, thus avoiding Kingston altogether. There are ten daily steamboats running to and from Kingston.
           The principal public building in Kingston, is the market house, as it is called, although the market occupies but a small portion of it. This is the finest and most substantial building in Canada, being built entirely of hewn stone, and cost about $90,000. In the front portion of the building are the Post Office, Offices of the Corporation Officers, News and Reading Room; above is the Town Hall, a large and handsome room, used occasionally as a ball and assembly room, and arranged for six quadrille parties. Another room opposite, on the same floor, and the same size, but more handsomely finished, is let to the Free Church congregation for religious services: it will comfortably accommodate 500 persons. The dome at the top of the building is surrounded in the interior by a gallery, from whence a fine view may be obtained of the town of Kingston and the surrounding country, including Lake Ontario, with the islands in the vicinity.
           The Presbyterians have a collegiate institution called "Queen's College and University of Kingston." The court house is a square stone building. There are ten churches and chapels, viz., three Episcopal, two Catholic, one Presbyterian, two Methodist (British Wesleyan and Canadian Wesleyan), Baptist, and Irvingite. The hospital is supported partly by government and partly by voluntary contributions. The "Hotel Dieu," is attended by sisters of charity. There is a news and reading room and a Mechanics Institute. Five newspapers are published weekly : the "Chronicle & Gazette," "Herald," "British Whig," "News," and "Argus."
           A marine railway was established here in 1827, for the purpose of hauling out and repairing vessels. The railway is 572 feet in length, worked by four horses, with machinery giving a multiplying power of 215 times, thus producing 860 horse power, and a capacity for hauling out a vessel of 300 tons. There is also a small railway for hauling out river boats and barges. A shipyard is connected with the railway.
           There is a mineral spring, "Boyles," at the corner of King and Arthur streets, the water of which was obtained by boring 75 feet. The following analysis of the water was by Professor Croft, of King's college, Toronto: -- Half a page of water analysis has been omitted.
           A saloon and bath house have been erected. There is also in the neighbourhood a marine railway and shipyard, and an extensive establishment consisting of brewery, distillery, and saleratus factory. [A leavening agent made of potassium or sodium bicarbonate - Ed.] The brewery and saleratus factory are connected together, and the saleratus is very ingeniously and ecomomically made, by exposing pearlash to the action of the carbonic acid gas, which is generated during the fermentation of the beer, and which is conveyed to the room containing the pearlash. The proprietor offers to supply 2,000 pounds per day.
           The population of the town of Kingston, within the limits of the corporation, is 6,123 (being 1,700 less than before the removal of the Seat of Government); including "Lot Twenty-four" and the village of Portland, it amounts to between 11,000 and 12,000. Ratable property in the town : £146,766. Post Office : post every day.
           The following government and district offices are kept in Kingston : Judge of District Court, Sheriff, Clerk of Peace, Inspector of Licenses, Emigration Agent, Collector of Customs, Treasurer, Registrar of County of Frontenac, District Clerk, Clerk of District Court, Deputy Clerk of Crown.
           Professions and Trades : One steam grist mill, four breweries, three tanneries, ten physicians and surgeons, 14 lawyers, three foundries, steam planing machine, 36 dry goods and hardware stores, 37 groceries, three booksellers, five druggists, two shipbuilders, one surveyor, five printers, one engraver, one dentist, 94 taverns, three bookbinders, one marble factory, eight boarding houses, six tallow chandlers, two coach makers, five waggon makers, eight saddlers, one veterinary surgeon, four watchmakers, one boat builder, two sail makers, ten cabinet makers, seven livery stables, five painters, ten tinsmiths, nine bakers, seven blacksmiths, five confectioners, four coopers, five stone masons, 36 shoemakers, 29 tailors, two chair makers, four hatters, two barbers, seven butchers, two sausage makers, five ladies' schools, two schools for boys.
           Bank agencies : 4 : "Commercial," "British North America," "Upper Canada," and "Montreal."
           Principal Taverns : "Daley's," "Lambton House," "St. Lawrence Hotel," "Exchange Hotel," and "National Hotel."
           Principal Boarding Houses : Mrs. Olcott's, Princess Street; S. Bourne's, do.; Mrs. Hilton's, Wellington Street.
           Forwarders : J. & S. Jones, Quebec Forwarding Company, People's Line, J.S. McCuaig, & Co., Hooker, Henderson, & Co., Macpherson & Crane, Sanderson & Murray, Pioneer Steamboat Company.

The following Steam and Sailing Vessels are owned at Kingston:
NAME OF VESSEL. Tonnage Horse
Power.
Canada 330 50
Gilderslieve 255 50
Hunter 197 28
Prince Albert 150 30
Beaver 197 28
Otter 197 28
Prince Edward 188 45
Prince of Wales 130 40
Bytown 100 20
Juno 100 25
Mercury 100 25
Meteor 100 25
Charlotte 50 18
Britannia 100 30
Caledonia 100 25
Lily 100 25
Grenville 75 25
Ontario 100 32
Frontenac 138 45
Total 2,707 594
Schooner Eleonora (formerly "Great Britain" steamer) 562
Thirty-one schooners, whose total tonnage amounts to 3,352
Total 6,621
Exclusive of many barges and other small craft.


KINGSTON.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Pittsburg; on the north by Portland and Loughborough; on the west by Ernestown; and on the south by Lake Ontario. In Kingston 47,649 acres are taken up, 16,218 of which are under cultivation. The Cataraqui River, or Rideau Canal, runs through the east of the township, and enters Lake Ontario on the east side of Kingston, forming at its mouth a kind of bay, across which an excellent bridge has been constructed, leading to the village of Barryfield, which is situated on the east side of the bay, opposite Kingston; near which, on an eminence commanding the town of Kingston, is Fort Henry. The village of Waterloo is situated on the western road, about three miles from the town of Kingston; and on the Rideau Canal, about six miles north from Kingston, is Kingston Mills, a spot the scenery of which is very picturesque. There are two grist and three saw mills in the township. Kingston is well settled, and contains 6,289 inhabitants; this number, however, includes portions of the outskirts of the town of Kingston, known as "Lot 24," and the village of Portland, which are not included in the corporation. Ratable property in the township : £71,151.

LENNOX.
A County in the Midland District : comprises the townships of Adolphustown, Frederickburgh, and Richmond. For the purpose of representation in the Legislative Assembly, it is united to the county of Addington, and the two return one member to the House of Assembly.

MILL CREEK.
A Village in the township of Ernestown : situated on the eastern road 13 miles west from Kingston, contains about 150 inhabitants, who have a Catholic church. Post Office : every day. Professions and Trades : One grist and saw mill, carding machine and fulling mill, planing machine, two stores, three taverns, two tailors, two shoemakers.

NAPANEE. (Corrupted from the original Indian name Appanee.)
A Village in the township of Richmond : on the eastern road, 25 miles west from Kingston, and 25 from Belleville, situated on the Napanee River, which is navigable to the village for schooners drawing six feet of water. Napanee is situated in the midst of a hilly country, on a limestone foundation, with some good farming country in its rear. A canal, cut through the solid limestone, is in course of formation, in the village, for hydraulic purposes. The road from here to Kingston is macadamized. The stage from Kingston to Toronto, passes through the village daily. Napanee contains about 500 inhabitants. Churches and chapels, three, viz; Episcopal, (stone) two Methodist, (one of which is brick). Post Office : every day.
           Professions and Trades : Two physicians and surgeons, two lawyers, two grist mills, attached to one of which is an oatmeal mill, two saw mills, one ashery, carding machine, fulling mill and cloth factory, one tannery, one foundry, two saddlers, four taverns, three blacksmiths, two waggon makers, six tailors, eight stores, two druggists, one painter, one cabinet maker, one hatter, one tinsmith, two bakers, one watchmaker, one cooper, one chair maker.
           Principal Tavern : "Storeys." Land Agent : John Low.

Exports from Napanee for the year 1844
Description. Quantity.
Lumber 1,265,000 feet
Ashes 1,152 bushels.
Flour 1,205 barrels.
Wheat 13,170 bushels.
Pipe Staves 4,000
West Indian do. 15,000


NAPANEE RIVER.
A River, different branches of which take their rise in the north of the Midland District, in the townships of Sheffield, Hinchinbrooke, and Loughborough; they unite close to the west line of the township of Camden East, and the river enters the Bay of Quinté, in the township of Richmond. The village of Napanee is situated on the river, which is an excellent mill stream.

NEWBURGH.
A Village in the township of Camden : situated on the Napanee River, seven miles above Napanee -- contains about 300 inhabitants, who have a Methodist chapel. Professions and Trades : Two grist mills, two saw mills, one carding machine and fulling mill, axe factory and trip hammer, four stores, one tavern, two groceries, three blacksmiths, one pot and pearl ashery.

OLDEN.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Oso; on the north by Clarendon; on the west by Kennebec; and on the south by Hinchinbrooke. Several lakes are scattered over the township. Olden has only lately been open for sale, and no return has yet been made from it. 65,000 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in Olden, at 8s. currency per acre.

OSO.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the townships of North and South Sherbrooke; on the north by Palmerston; on the west by Olden; and on the south by Hinchinbrooke and Bedford. This township has only lately been opened for sale, and no return has yet been made from it. 65,000 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in the township, at 8s. currency per acre.

PITTSBURGH.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Leeds; on the north by Bedford and South Crosby; on the west by Loughborough and Kingston; and on the south by Lake Ontario. In Pittsburgh 37,433 acres are taken up, 6,231 of which are under cultivation. The Rideau Canal runs across the township, from north-east to south-west; a navigable channel having been made through the Cataraqui River and a chain of lakes in the north of the township. Most of the land through which the canal passes is unfit for cultivation, the high ground being composed principally of granite rocks, and the low ground being generally flooded. There are three saw mills in the township. 2,400 acres of Crown lands are open for sale in Pittsburgh, at 8s. currency per acre. Poplulation : 2,132. Ratable property in the township : £24,160.

PORTLAND.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Loughborough; on the north by Hinchinbrooke; on the west by Camden and Ernestown; and on the south by Kingston. In Portland 23,030 acres are taken up, 6,359 of which are under cultivation. A chain of lakes runs through the north of the township. The land in Portland is of mixed quality. Timber : pine, intermixed with hardwood. Poputlation in 1842 : 1,525. Ratable property in the township : £16,842.

RICHMOND.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Camden; on the north by Hungerford; on the west by Tyendenaga; and on the south by Fredericksburgh, and the Bay of Quinté. In Richmond 40,434 acres are taken up, 10,301 of which are under cultivation. Two small lakes are situated in the north-west corner of the township; and the village of Napanee is in its south-east corner, on the Napanee River. Richmond is well settled, and contains some good farms. There is a considerable quantity of limestone in the township. Timber : principally hardwood, with some pine. There are three grist and seven saw-mills in the township. Population : 2,630. Ratable property in the township : £38,029.

RIDEAU CANAL. (See listing in Bathurst District)

SHEFFIELD.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by Storrington; on the north by Kaladar and Kennebec; on the west by Hungerford; and on the south by Camden. In Sheffield 19,889 acres are taken up, 3,869 of which are under cultivation. There are two lakes in the south-west of the township, called "Beaver Lake," and "White Lake;" a lake in the north-east of the township, called "Long Lake," and several smaller lakes scattered over the township, the whole of which are connected together by small streams. The land in Sheffield varies in quality, some parts being good, and others of poor quality. Timber : a mixture of pine and hardwood. There is one grist mill and one saw mill in the township. Population in 1842 : 1,334. Ratable property in the township : £11,215.

STORRINGTON.
A Township in the Midland District : is bounded on the east by the township of Hinchinbrooke; on the north by Kennebec and Olden; on the west by Sheffield; and on the south by Portland. In Storrington 24,249 acres are taken up, 6,441 of which are under cultivation. This township has lately been divided off from Hinchinbrooke; it is well settled, and contains some good farms. It is watered by branches of the Napanee River. There is one saw mill in the township. Population in 1845 : 1,584. Ratable property in the township : £17,040.

WATERLOO.
A Village in the township of Kingston : situated on the western road, three miles west from Kingston -- the Cataraqui River runs through it. There is a Methodist church in the village, and a Quaker meeting-house. Population : about 200. Professions and Trades : Three physicians and surgeons, carding machine and fulling mill, and cloth factory, one ashery, one tannery, one store, three taverns, three waggon makers, one saddler, two blacksmiths, two shoemakers, one tailor, one baker.

WESTVILLE, or WILLIAMSVILLE.
A small Village in the township of Kingston : situated on the western road, about one mile west from Kingston. It contains about 200 inhabitants, one store, one tavern, one grocery, one painter and one shoemaker.

WOLF ISLAND.
A large Island situated in the north-eastern extremity of Lake Ontario, near the entrance of the River St. Lawrence. Its western portion is opposite the town of Kingston. It is a long, irregularly shaped island, having numerous small bays running into it. It forms a township of the Midland District. In Wolfe Island 24,449 acres are taken up, 6,152 of which are under cultivation. Wolfe Island is well settled, and contains some good farms. There is one saw mill on the island. Population : 1,289. Ratable property in the township : £17,323.


Post Offices in the Midland District
List of Post Offices Distances in Miles from:
Name of
Office
Name of Town,
Village or
Township
Name of
Postmaster
Toronto Kingston London Cobourg Chatham Goderich Barrie
Amherst Island Amherst Island, t'p Unknown 166 11 166 92 232 319 234
Bath Bath, v W.J. Mackay 159 18 297 87 363 314 219
Camden East Camden East, t'p S. Clarke 157 32 343 137 409 402 217
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg, t'p W.A. Anderson 168 27 306 82 372 323 228
Kingston Kingston, t Robt. Deacon 177 -- 315 105 381 332 237
Loughboro' Loughboro', t'p H. Madden 192 16 331 120 397 348 253
Mill Creek Ernestown, t'p P.S. Timerman 165 12 327 93 393 344 249
Napanee Napanee, v A. McPherson 147 30 285 75 351 302 207
Wilton Ernestown, t'p S. Warren 150 23 337 82 403 314 263

Magistrates who have qualified
in the Midland District
A. McDonell Kingston
W. Beamish Do
J. Ashley Do
J.F. Kingston Bedford
A. Manahan Kingston
J.M. Rorison Do
W. McCuniffe Do
M. Clarke Ernestown
J. Allen Adolphustown
S. Casey Do
P.V. Darland Do
John Church Fredericksburgh
R. Lowe Adolphustown
D.C. Smith Ernestown
W. Switzer Do
S. Clark Camden
J. Macfarlane Kingston
W. Wilson Do
O. Hancox Bath
T.W. Robison Kingston
J. Fraser Ernestown
A. McNeil Richmond
Samuel Dorland Adolphustown
David Roblin Fredericksburgh
W. Holditch Loughborough
F.A. Harper Kingston
J. Mowatt Do
W. Garratt Do
M. Asselstone Ernestown
John Asselstone Do
Samuel Campbell Loughborough
Alex. Cowan, Sen. Pittsburgh
Thomas Askew Kingston
Jacob Rambough Camden
E. Huffman Do
Edw. Shewell Do
Benj. Tett Newborough
C.H. Millar Camden
J.P. Bower Kingston
B. Ham Ernestown
S. Warner Do
J.B. Marks Pittsburgh
A. Caton Richmond
A. Schermahan Do
Richard Hitchins Amherst Island
Benjamin Seymour Bath
J. Spring Loughborough
J. Shibley Portland
W.J. Fairfield Ernestown
A. Campbell Adolphustown
D. Buth Kingston
H. Yeomans Do
H. Gilderslieve Do
James Sampson Do
A. Cameron Wolfe Island
J. Counter Kingston
C. McKenzie Bath
M. Shorey, Sen. Fredericksburgh
Matt. Ruttan Adolphustown
Thomas Scott Amherst Island
W. Radcliff Do
Henry Sadlier Kingston
A. McPherson Richmond
W. Simkins Loughborough
James Wilson Richmond